Saint Maximin - Trossy

MARTHA

"Les corbeaux seront de sortie ce soir"

The town of Saint Maximin is on the opposite bank of the Oise River. The small hamltet Trossy on the bottom slopes of the town of Saint Maximin directly opposite the Saint Leu caves. Trossy, is now incorporated into the town of Saint Maximin, only the road name 'Rue de Trossy' holds the name of the hamlet.

Both Saint Leu d'Esserent and Saint Maximin were involved with the stone quarrying as well as Gouvieux, Cramoisy, Saint Vaast Les Mello, Maysel, amongst other adjacent towns.(A dedicated web site would be necessary to explain the quarrying in the region.)

During the War, Saint Maximin-Trossy would also be totally devestated by the bombing raids which had been carried out to smash the V1 stroage depot code named MARTHA.

The Germans had inistially planned Saint Maximin as an 02 Erzeugungs Anlage (Number 1305), a liquied Oxygene plant, this was soon dropped due to the damaged caused to LEOPOLD over the river at Saint Leu d'Esserent and at Nucourt another of the V1 dumps. Instead a part of the quarry was develloped into a V1 storage depot.

Saint Maximin was bombed on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th August 1944 causing the destruction on 95% of the town (according to Daniel Lesobre).

A famous letter written by Mme Leroy to her family tells of the destruction caused. A local book has been published with a few accounts:

La Chanson de Saint-Max, Histoire de vies Saint-Maximin.

(ISBN 10:2-9528294-0-3)

RAF recon photo
The railway spur as pinpointed in recon photo
An access road into B151816 sector (G.TAYLOR)
Recon photo of the top part of B151816
RESISTANCE
MARTHA
Saint Max after bombing (P.Charpentier)

British Bombing Research Mission states:

Trossy - Saint Maximin:

this open quarry, with old tunnel quarries below, is on the left hand of the river Oise, nearly opposite Saint Leu D'Esserent. A quick inspection was made when en route for the latter site, during which no measurements were taken. Very large diameter shafts, lined and roofed with thick reinforced concrete, were being constructed by the Germans through the relatively thin limestone cover the top of the old quarry tunnels. The appearance of the work suggests that large storage tanks were to have been installed.

I have visited the quarry quite a few times but have still to find said location. The quarry is still working and some is now a land fill. A part from the concrete road and a Flak implacement I have yet to find any other trace.

Modern quarry picture of Saint Maximin
Flak position over looking Saint Leu d'Esserent